In December 2007, Joyce T. Lee of MWH Americas, along with five others from Boyle Engineering, Greeley and Hansen, CH2MHill, University of Washington, and Vanguard, conducted a Water for People, WaterCorps Monitoring Study in Malawi. The study involved follow-up research on previously installed water and sanitation projects funded by Water for People including borehole wells, hand-dug shallow wells, Afridev hand pumps, rainwater catchment tanks, community tap stands and pit latrines.
The team conducted water committee and user interviews, reviewed operations, data and revenue collection, sanitation and hygiene education. Data was entered into the Water for People database for future site monitoring and follow-up. A complete report from the monitoring study should be available shortly on the Water for People website.
Interested in learning more about Water for People Los Angeles, including attending their monthly chapter meetings, contact Mischelle Mische MMische_AT_lacsd.org or (562) 908-4288 x2488.
Captions (starting with top row, left to right)…
- A typical scene during the monitoring study: a deep borehole well with an Afridev hand pump, and a woman carrying a five gallon bucket of water on her head.
- A latrine built with Water for People support, with a small bucket of water and a cup demonstrating that the village has adopted a form of hygiene education to wash hands following use of the latrine.
- A typical ventilated improved pit latrine built over a pit in the ground. The vent pipe is covered with a mesh so that flies will be attracted to the light at the top but cannot escape.
- A bar of soap costs almost half of an average day’s wages. It was uncommon to see soap used following latrine use, although many users interviewed attested to the importance of washing hands with soap.
- We inspected the inside of many pit latrines; this one is much cleaner than most latrines that were inspected.
- The hanging perforated cup at this hand washing station by a latrine enables latrine users to wash their hands without contaminating the cup as they change hands to pour water and wash the other hand.
- We traveled for several hours on unpaved roads to reach remote villages where Water For People projects existed. This was our last interview conducted during a heavy rain.
- A typical Water for People hand-dug shallow well.
- People of the arid region who drew water from the shallow well in the previous photo, who used to walk 12 kilometers, one way, to reach an unprotected water source.
- Children excited to have water from the well.